Most modern design applications have variations on all three types and are often expressed as display options.
All modeling software center around the cartesian coordinates system often notated as X, Y and Z.
Sometimes these same axes are represented with the colors red, green and blue.
The coordinate system can be represented using your hand to orient your mind to the appropriate axis.
I personally use my left hand with the middle finger representing X, index finger representing Y and thumb representing Z.
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